Egypt has been suffering from severe water scarcity in recent years. Uneven water distribution, misuse of water resources and inefficient irrigation techniques are some of the major factors playing havoc with water security in the country.
How does water scarcity affect the environment in Egypt?
Polluted water is being distributed to citizens. Because of the water scarcity, most water is not treated properly, leading to 95.5 percent of the nation drinking poorly sanitized water. Egypt consists of mostly desert land, with only six percent of land being arable and useful for agriculture.
How is Egypt managing water scarcity?
The first is the treatment of ground water to be reuse 25 percent of used water in agriculture and produced. Second solution is improving the irrigation system by implementing modern irrigation techniques.
Why do we suffer from scarcity of water?
Water shortages may be caused by climate change, such as altered weather patterns including droughts or floods, increased pollution, and increased human demand and overuse of water. … Water scarcity is being driven by two converging phenomena: growing freshwater use and depletion of usable freshwater resources.
Is there a water shortage in Egypt?
Ethiopia receives no water from the Nile, but the new dam would have a storage capacity of 74 billion cubic meters of water. Egypt currently has a water shortage. The U.N. expects it will face water scarcity issues by 2025.
How does Egypt get water?
The main and almost exclusive source of water for Egypt is the Nile River, which represents 97% of the country’s fresh water resources.
How can we save water in Egypt?
** Strip irrigation: Egyptian farmers traditionally irrigate their fields by flooding or by supplying water through furrows. Strip irrigation applies water through furrows at wider intervals, i.e., a reduced number of furrows. We can expect to save up to 20% to 30% of the water for irrigation in the Nile Delta.
Can I drink the water in Egypt?
In Egypt, drinking water from the tap is not recommended. Water treatment plants in and around Cairo heavily chlorinate the supply, so the water in the capital is relatively safe to drink. However, it is advisable everywhere else in Egypt to purchase bottled water or drink treated or purified water.
Who is most affected by water scarcity?
These Countries Are the Most at Risk From a Water Crisis
What is the biggest consumer of water?
Agriculture is the largest consumer of freshwater by far and accounts for 70% of freshwater withdrawals from rivers, lakes and aquifers – up to more than 90% in some developing countries.