The principal food crops, barley and emmer, were used to make beer and bread, the main staples of the Egyptian diet. Grains were harvested and stored in granaries until ready to be processed.
What are five crops grown in Egypt?
Among other principal field crops are corn (maize), rice, wheat, sorghum, and fava (broad) beans (fūl).
What did farmers use in ancient Egypt?
Farming was no easy job and the Ancient Egyptians had many tools that would help them to do work. They had reapers, sickles, cattle, hoes, rakes, ploughs, scoops and more. During farming season, cattle and oxen were very important because they would help to trample over the land and get the grain off of the stalks.
Who invented irrigation?
The earliest archeological evidence of irrigation in farming dates to about 6000 B.C. in the Middle East’s Jordan Valley (1). It is widely believed that irrigation was being practiced in Egypt at about the same time (6), and the earliest pictorial representation of irrigation is from Egypt around 3100 B.C. (1).
What crops are grown in Nile Valley?
Emmer wheat and barley were the most important crops and were grown to make bread and beer. Cereals were collected as taxes by officials on behalf of the pharaoh. Farmers also grew other crops such as lentils, broad beans, peas, watermelons and spices like coriander and cumin.
Did corn exist in ancient Egypt?
Egyptian maize (corn) dates back to 4000 BC. Reapers cut the ripe corn with wooden sickles edged with sharp flints. Women and children followed behind the reapers to collect any fallen ears of corn.
What is Egypt famous for producing?
Cotton is the major export crop. Egypt is also an important producer of rice, wheat, corn, beans, fruits, and vegetables.