The theory that urbanisation is caused by urban economic growth emphasises the process of migration from rural to urban areas. This rural–urban migration is caused by the growth of manufacturing, mining and service industries, which pay higher wages than those obtained in the rural agricultural sector.
What is urbanisation in Zambia?
Urbanization means the share of urban population in the total population of a country. In 2019, more than 44.07 percent of Zambia’s total population lived in urban areas and cities.
What are 5 pull factors associated with urbanization?
- more jobs.
- higher wages.
- better living conditions.
- better education and health services.
- better facilities.
- less chance of natural disasters.
What are the factors of rural urban migration in Zambia?
Income gaps between urban and rural areas also contribute to migration flows. Other magnets in urban areas are better educational opportunities, a water supply, and the lure of city lights. Since independence, migrants have increased their length of stay in towns but continue to maintain links with their home villages.