There are several theories about the decline of Great Zimbabwe. One is environmental: that a combination of overgrazing and drought caused the soil on the Zimbabwe Plateau to become exhausted. It is estimated that between 5,000 to 30,000 people lived on and around the site.
What made Great Zimbabwe rich?
The wealth of Great Zimbabwe lay in cattle production and gold. … One theory is that the rulers of Great Zimbabwe did not have direct control over the gold mines, but rather managed the trade in it, buying up huge quantities in exchange for cattle.
Who Built Great Zimbabwe and why?
Begun during the eleventh century A.D. by Bantu-speaking ancestors of the Shona, Great Zimbabwe was constructed and expanded for more than 300 years in a local style that eschewed rectilinearity for flowing curves.
What is the significance of Great Zimbabwe today?
Today, Great Zimbabwe is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered a sort of national symbol for the modern-day country of Zimbabwe. The nation adopted the name Zimbabwe in 1980, using the name that the Shona had long before given to the city.
What led to a decline in Great Zimbabwe quizlet?
What factors might have led to the decline of Great Zimbabwe? The factors that might have led were overusing the resources or people shifting trading systems.
What does the word Zimbabwe mean?
Many sources hold that “Zimbabwe” derives from dzimba-dza-mabwe, translated from the Karanga dialect of Shona as “houses of stones” (dzimba = plural of imba, “house”; mabwe = plural of bwe, “stone”). … Zimbabwe was formerly known as Southern Rhodesia (1898), Rhodesia (1965), and Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979).
What type of government did Great Zimbabwe have?
Type of Government
Named after the immense granite complex that served as its center of power, Great Zimbabwe was ruled by a hereditary monarchy of Shona elite who reached the peak of their power and influence in the mid-fifteenth century.
What made Great Zimbabwe rulers wealthy and powerful?
What made Great Zimbabwe’s rulers wealthy and powerful? … Gold trade declined and deprived Zimbabwe of it’s main source of wealth. Where in Africa are the rifts located?