The Ethiopian census lists more than 90 distinct ethnic groups in the country. More than 80 languages are spoken, with the greatest diversity found in the south-west. Amharic (a Semitic language), Oromo, Tigrinya and Somali are spoken by two-thirds of the population.
What are the main ethnic groups in Ethiopia?
Major ethnic groups
- Oromo 34.9%
- Amhara 27.9%
- Tigrayan 7.3%
- Sidama 4.1%
- Gurage 2.8%
- Welayta 3%
- Somali 2.7%
- Hadiya 2.2%
How many ethnic languages are in Ethiopia?
There are 92 individual languages indigenous to Ethiopia according to Ethnologue, with the 1994 Ethiopian census indicating that some 77 tongues were spoken locally.
Who are minorities in Ethiopia?
Minority and indigenous communities in Ethiopia include Afar, and indigenous Anuak, Oromo, Somalis and many other ethnic groups. Muslims also are a significant religious minority in the predominantly Coptic Christian nation.
What are the 6 ethnic groups?
The state officially categorizes its population into six groups: white, African American, Native American/Alaskan Native, Pacific Islander, Asian, and Native Hawaiian. From those groups, Americans identity with ethnic groups that are even more specific. More Americans specify as German than any other ethnicity.
What is the oldest language in Ethiopia?
Extinct as a vernacular language, Geʿez is the ancestor of the modern Tigrinya and Tigré languages of Eritrea and Ethiopia. The oldest known inscription in the language dates from the 3rd or 4th century and is written in a script that does not indicate vowels.
What is Ethiopia best known for?
Ethiopia is famous for being the place where the coffee bean originated. It is also known for its gold medalists and its rock-hewn churches. Ethiopia is the top honey and coffee producer in Africa and has the largest livestock population in Africa. … The Rastafarian religion claims Ethiopia as its spiritual homeland.
How do you say hello in Ethiopian?
A casual greeting is to say “Salam” (Hello).