‘ Water scarcity, coupled with poor sanitation practices, has resulted in an abundance of illnesses, diseases, and deaths. Water scarcity can lead to a variety of waterborne tropical diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, dysentery, and diarrheal illnesses.
How does water pollution affect South Africa?
It is estimated that around 5 million people die every year from drinking contaminated water which spreads sickness and waterborne diseases such as typhoid and cholera. … Human waste or sewage is one is one of the problems we face.
What are the effects of pollution in South Africa?
Countries such as South Africa are affected by respiratory illnesses as a direct result of air pollution, which is very costly.It is estimated that 7.4% of all deaths in South Africa can be attributed to polluted air, which costs the nation 6% of its gross domestic product (GDP).
How can we prevent water pollution in South Africa?
Redirect rain gutters and downspouts away from buildings and to rain barrels and gardens, soil, grass or gravel areas. 2. Use indigenous plants and natural fertilizers – Indigenous plants need less water and are more tolerant of drought conditions which cost less to maintain.
What is water pollution causes and effects?
Water pollution is the release of substances into bodies of water that makes water unsafe for human use and disrupts aquatic ecosystems. Water pollution can be caused by a plethora of different contaminants, including toxic waste, petroleum, and disease-causing microorganisms.
What are the three harmful effects of water pollution?
Write three harmful effects of water pollution
- Causes water-borne disease.
- Destroys microorganisms affecting self purification of water.
- Decreases amount of dissolved O2.
- Changes temperature of water.
- Disturbs aquatic life.
- Kills aquatic organisms.