The region was hit by an 18-month drought caused by El Niño and higher temperatures linked to climate change. Now, in the midst of even more drought, the situation has become catastrophic, causing crops to fail and cattle to die. In addition, the lack of clean water increases the threat of cholera and other diseases.
Why do droughts happen in Africa?
While this cycle is normally reliable, anomalies in the climate—such as El Niño events—disrupt the region’s annual level of rainfall; this, in turn, causes the decline of the region’s plant life, the lowering of water levels in bodies of water and a loss of moisture from the soil, with the latter effect causing a …
Is the Horn of Africa dry?
“In [the Horn of Africa], all models agree that it’s going to be wet, but they start with poor climatology,” he said. … Those are associated with large-scale circulation patterns over northern Africa, said Kerry Cook, an atmospheric scientist at the University of Texas, Austin, who has researched the climate of Africa.
What was the worst drought in Africa?
2011 East Africa drought. Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East African region. Said to be “the worst in 60 years”, the drought caused a severe food crisis across Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya that threatened the livelihood of 9.5 million people.
How dangerous is Horn of Africa?
Horn of Africa 2nd to Strait of Malacca as World’s Most Dangerous Place for Ships. In the past year, pirates have attacked more than 35 vessels off the coast of Somalia, in the Horn of Africa, making the region second only to the Strait of Malacca in Asia as the world’s most dangerous place for ships.
Which is the wettest country in the Horn of Africa?
In Somalia, a country located in the so-called Horn of Africa, the climate is tropical, hot all year round, in addition, it is generally dry. Precipitation is generally scarce, typical of a desert or semi-desert climate in vast areas, while the wettest areas are occupied by savannah.
Why does Ethiopia have no water?
Ethiopia is located in Africa’s Horn where drought and politics are two leading causes of water shortage. … Many people living outside of the cities collect water from these shallow water sources, which are often contaminated with human and animal waste, worms, or disease.
How can we stop drought in Africa?
Protection and use of springs; Cloud seeding; Evaporation suppression; Desalination of brackish groundwater or sea water; and Effluent treatment and re-use. Developing and integrating other sources like groundwater, desalination and re-use, etc., with surface systems also to enhance water security.