In east africa there was the Empire of Aksum. Other parts of sub-saharan africa did not really produce very large kingdoms because in most areas the climate was either too wet or dry to allow intensive farming.
Is Africa the first civilization?
Africa’s first great civilization emerged in ancient Egypt in c. 3400 BC. … Ancient civilization, based around the River Nile in Egypt, which emerged 5,000 years ago and reached its peak in the 16th century BC.