They were strategically important for both the Western Allies and the Axis powers. The Axis powers aimed to deprive the Allies of access to Middle Eastern oil supplies, to secure and increase Axis access to the oil, and to cut off Britain from the material and human resources of its empire in Asia and Africa.
Why was North Africa important to the Allies?
The battle for North Africa was a struggle for control of the Suez Canal and access to oil from the Middle East and raw materials from Asia. … Oil in particular had become a critical strategic commodity due to the increased mechanization of modern armies.
What was the advantage of controlling North Africa?
The correct answer is, the advantage for the Allies in controlling the North Africa region in 1943, was that it allowed the allied forces the control of the Suez canal, a strategic point for shipping navigation.
Why did the allies decide to invade North Africa and Italy?
The allies decided to invade North Africa and Italy because, the African troops were part of Germany and a Hitler idea. Italy was the soft underbelly of the Axis powers, and if they took control of Italy, that would be a big supporter of the axis powers, no longer existing.
Why did Germany lose North Africa?
The Axis defeat at El Alamein meant that North Africa would be lost to Hitler and Mussolini. The defeat was due to a variety of factors. These included insufficient Axis numbers, overextended supply lines, and Allied air superiority.
How did the Allies regain north Africa?
After the Allied Operation Torch landings in Northwest Africa in late 1942 and subsequent battles against Vichy France forces (who then changed sides), the Allies finally encircled Axis forces in northern Tunisia and forced their surrender.
What was the Allied strategy in North Africa?
approved the renamed operation “Torch”—a combined invasion of North Africa planned for the autumn. Churchill then traveled to Moscow in August 1942, where Stalin berated him for postponing the second front and suspending Arctic convoys because of German naval action.
Why did the Allies decide to invade Italy?
In Casablanca, Morocco, in January 1943, Allied leaders decided to use their massive military resources in the Mediterranean to launch an invasion of Italy, which British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (1874-1965) called the “soft underbelly of Europe.” The objectives were to remove Italy from World War II, secure …
Why did Italy invade Africa?
The aim of invading Ethiopia was to boost Italian national prestige, which was wounded by Ethiopia’s defeat of Italian forces at the Battle of Adowa in the nineteenth century (1896), which saved Ethiopia from Italian colonisation.
What happened when the Allies invaded North Africa?
Torch was a compromise operation that met the British objective of securing victory in North Africa while allowing American armed forces the opportunity to engage in the fight against Nazi Germany on a limited scale.
|Date||8–16 November 1942|