The rapid growth of cities in Africa is presenting the continent with a major opportunity to enhance productivity and living standards. In most parts of the world, rapid city growth has triggered economies of scale and specialization along with knowledge spillovers, thereby boosting productivity.
Why is urbanization good in West Africa?
Investing in cities is central to securing the next stage of Africa’s development says a new World Bank report, “Harnessing Urbanization to End Poverty and Boost Prosperity in Africa.” Cities are engines of economic growth, already accounting for more than two-thirds of the economic output in most developed countries …
What is the impact of urbanization in Africa?
Urbanisation also contributes to reduction in child and maternal mortality rates. shows that in Sub-Saharan Africa, adult mortality rate is NOW slightly higher in urban areas than rural areas. Policy prescriptions focused on discouraging people from moving to urban areas.
Why is urbanization in Africa bad?
Recent African urbanization analyses have confirmed the problems of limited job creation, inadequate structural transformation, and poor livability seen in many sub-Saharan African cities today.
Why is Africa’s economy bad?
Since the mid-20th century, the Cold War and increased corruption, poor governance, disease and despotism have also contributed to Africa’s poor economy. According to The Economist, the most important factors are government corruption, political instability, socialist economics, and protectionist trade policy.
Is urbanization good or bad?
Some of the major health problems resulting from urbanization include poor nutrition, pollution-related health conditions and communicable diseases, poor sanitation and housing conditions, and related health conditions. … Urbanization has a major negative impact on the nutritional health of poor populations.
How does urbanization in West Africa improve education?
Urbanization improves access to basic education for all. Expanding education systems in urban areas is easier and costs less than in rural areas. Thus Africa’s rapid urbanization is expected to increase enrollment, especially at primary level. … This rate is 55.2% for areas with an urbanization rate between 50% and 90%.
What are 4 advantages of urbanization?
Advantages of urbanization:
The problem of unemployment will be solved. High transportation facilities. More education opportunities. Recycling process.
What are 3 effects of urbanization?
Poor air and water quality, insufficient water availability, waste-disposal problems, and high energy consumption are exacerbated by the increasing population density and demands of urban environments. Strong city planning will be essential in managing these and other difficulties as the world’s urban areas swell.