In the case of Africa, some of its countries’ borders have straight-line because they colonized by European powers. Most of these colonies obtained independence during the 1900s. European powers divided up regions between themselves and drew borders dividing mainly to avoid a dispute with other powers.
How did Africa get its borders?
In 1885 European leaders met at the infamous Berlin Conference to divide Africa and arbitrarily draw up borders that exist to this day. … Lines of longitude and latitude, rivers and mountain ranges were pressed into service as borders separating the colonies.
What’s wrong with Africa’s borders?
African national borders are afflicted by a multitude of troubles that straddle villages and communities. These can include military skirmishes, cattle rustling, terrorism, secessionist movements, smuggling, ethnic violence, people trafficking, irredentism and agrarian revolts.
What is the shape of Africa?
Geographically, Africa resembles a bulging sandwich. The sole continent to span both the north and south temperate zones, it has a thick tropical core lying between one thin temperate zone in the north and another in the south.
What country in Africa has the fastest growing population?
CIA World Factbook (2017)
|Rank||Country||Annual growth (%)|
How Africa is divided?
Africa is the world’s second largest continent in area. … The UN Statistics Division has subdivided the African continent into five regions, Northern Africa, Central or Middle Africa , Southern Africa, East Africa, and Western Africa.
Why are state lines not straight?
The common reason for such borders was that it had no economic gain for occupants on either side to divide the land in a specific way; so it ended up being the obvious choice – a straight line.