Why do we need to import oak trees to mature wine in SA?
Oak is being used to add structure and modify the phenolics of the wine, and not to mask odours or impart character to the wine. Winemakers may now hold barrels from Eastern Europe, the US and France and mix and match.
Are oak trees indigenous to South Africa?
Historically, Quercus robur is one of the most well-know of all exotic species in South Africa. There are various species of oak trees in South Africa, the main one being the English Oak. … These were one of the first, and most popular species planted around Cape Town.
Are oak trees found in Africa?
Oldfieldia africana, also known as the African oak, is a large tree which can grow to 36 metres or more in height. It is to be found across West Africa in such countries as Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo Republic.
How old is the South African wine industry?
The first harvest was made on 2 February 1659 (as noted in Van Riebeeck’s log) seven years after the landing in 1652. The man succeeding Van Riebeeck as governor of the Cape of Good Hope, Simon van der Stel, sought to improve the quality of viticulture in the region.
How much oak do I add to wine?
Oak chips can be added directly to Carboys or Small Barrels. At first they will float. After a week they will sink to the bottom of the bulk aging vessel. We recommend 3-4 ounces of oak chips per 5 gallons of red wine or 2 oz per 5 gallons of white wine.
When should I make homemade oak wine?
The amount of time a wine needs to be aged on oak varies drastically from one situation to the next. Wineries typically will age their wines between 6 months and 2 years, whereas the home winemaker using a new 5 gallon barrel, may only need to oak age their wine for one month.
How do you add flavor to oak wine?
Add oak chips to your wine after it has been racked for bulk aging. Use a glass or stainless steel container. A handful of chips (about one-quarter cup/60 mL) is all that is necessary to add complexity to the wine. Taste your wine two to three days after you have added the oak.
What is the tallest tree in South Africa?
The tallest indigenous tree on the list is an Outeniqua yellowwood of about 41 metres high, growing in the forests of the Blouberg Mountains in Limpopo. However, the Outeniqua yellowwoods of the Knysna forests draw many visitors, such as the Tsitsikamma Big Tree, which receives more than 80 000 visitors a year.