Answer: Because the European nations were weak and did not want to lose their territories. Explanation: … Like this armed conflict that took place on the European continent, it suffered from destruction and economic decline.
How did decolonization affect Africa?
One of the most important effects of decolonization is the instability of the post-colonial political systems, which entails another, far-reaching consequences. These include deep economic problems, inhibiting growth and widening disparities between the northern and southern part of the globe.
What caused independence movements in Africa?
Attracted by the promise of wealth from gold, diamonds, exotic hardwoods, and other natural riches, European nations claimed large portions of Africa for their colonial empires. Besides seizing the land of Africans, the Europeans also destroyed many of their freedoms and their institutions of government.
Why was the process of decolonization in Africa and Asia so troubled?
Decolonization was often affected by competition between superpowers. For example, the Vietnam War in the 1960s and 1970s began as the French decolonized Vietnam. The U.S. feared that communist groups would seize the country and allow the Soviet Union to have another foothold in Asia.
What factors led to decolonization after WWII?
Factors that led to decolonization: After World War II, European countries lacked the wealth and political support necessary to suppress far-away revolts. They could not oppose the new superpowers the U.S. and the Soviet Union’s stands against colonialism. Strong independence movements in colonies.
Which country gained independence in 1960?
Africa after Independence
|Madagascar, Democratic Republic of||June 26, 1960||France|
|Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of the||June 30, 1960||Belgium|
|Somalia, Democratic Republic of||July 1, 1960||Britain|
|Benin, Republic of||Aug. 1, 1960||France|
What were the biggest challenges facing newly independent countries?
The new nation also faced economic and foreign policy problems.
- A huge debt remained from the Revolutionary War and paper money issued during the conflict was virtually worthless.
- In violation of the peace treaty of 1783 ending the Revolutionary War, Britain continued to occupy forts in the Old Northwest.
What are two conditions that led to unstable governments in Africa after independence?
What are two conditions that led to unstable governments in Africa after independence? The European nations disregarded the ethnic and religious backgrounds of Africans when they set the boundaries for their colonies.
How did World war 2 affect African independence?
The war helped build strong African nationalism, which resulted in a common goal for all Africans to fight for their freedom. World War II led to decolonization of Africa by affecting both Europe and Africa militarily, psychologically, politically, and economically.
What was one major consequence of the 20th century decolonization in Africa?
Answer Expert Verified One major consequence of decolonization in the 20th century is that former colonies in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East gained political independence.
What happens after decolonization?
As a result of decolonization many countries became independent and joined the UN. The international trusteeship system was established by the UN Charter.