Under the sultan Barghash (reigned 1870–88), however, Great Britain and Germany divided most of Zanzibar’s territory on the African mainland between them and secured economic control over the remaining coastal strip.
Who ruled East Africa?
Controlled by Britain in the late 19th century, it grew out of British commercial interests in the area in the 1880s and remained a protectorate until 1920 when it became the Colony of Kenya, save for an independent 16-kilometre-wide (10 mi) coastal strip that became the Kenya Protectorate.
Which European power dominated Africa?
As the map shows, England came to be a dominant power in southern Africa, with only two Portuguese and French colonies in the region. France took control of most parts of West Africa. Colonial rule was the result of competition among European countries for control of African resources.
What European power colonized Uganda?
The Protectorate of Uganda was a protectorate of the British Empire from 1894 to 1962.
What country took over Eastern Africa?
The German Empire gained control of a large area named German East Africa, comprising present-day Rwanda, Burundi and the mainland part of Tanzania named Tanganyika. In 1922, the British gained a League of Nations mandate over Tanganyika which it administered until Independence was granted to Tanganyika in 1961.
Which European motive behind imperialism in Africa was the most powerful?
The most powerful motive behind imperialism in Africa was the acquisition of resources. These include, land, labor, people, minerals, etc. The Europeans were outnumbered by the black Africans, but we’re advantaged by the relatively passive and friendliness mannerisms of the black Africans.
Did imperialism in Africa have more positive or negative effects?
Politically, imperialism in Africa has generally had a positive effect, providing models (infrastructure) for government that would continue even after the African nations began to govern themselves.
What were the 3 main reasons for European imperialism in Africa?
The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution.
What are the methods used by Europeans to acquire colonies in Africa?
Five methods which were used by the Europeans to acquire colonies in Africa. Signing of treaties. Military conquest/force. Company rule.
What happened in Uganda 1971?
The 1971 Ugandan coup d’état was a military coup d’état executed by the Ugandan military, led by general Idi Amin, against the government of President Milton Obote on January 25, 1971. The seizure of power took place while Obote was abroad attending the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Singapore.