Maize, which was domesticated in central Mexico around 1500 BC, was brought to Africa around AD 1500. Having spread to all corners of the continent within the relatively short period of 500 years, it is now Africa’s most important cereal crop.
How did corn get to Africa?
Maize first arrived on the African coast during the seventeenth century. It was initially introduced by the Portuguese to supply their trading forts, but the crop was quickly adopted by African farmers due to its high energy yield, its low labor requirements, and its short growing season.
Why was corn so popular in Africa?
Corn was quickly adapted by African farmers due its high energy yield, low labor requirements, and its short growing season (Moreno-Cruz). Corn had less of a nutritional yield than the crops indigenous to Africa such as sorghum and millet; however, corn had a higher yield of energy per hectare than millet and sorghum.
Is corn in Africa?
African corn, also known as maize, has much tougher kernels than that of corn found in the United States. It was introduced to Africa in the 1500s and has been a dominant crop since. … Although this crop is rich in vitamins A, C, and E, if it is depended on highly in one’s diet, it can lead to malnutrition.
Who brought African corn?
be that maize was brought by the Portuguese to the Congo sometime after 1493, and spread so rapidly that by 600o it had become established as a staple 600 miles or so inland.
What is the staple food of Africa?
Yams, plantains, green bananas and cassava are the essential staples in Africa. These vegetables are grown and used all over the continent, either on their own or combined with others. Meat, on the other hand, is often used merely as one of a number of flavorings, rather than as a main ingredient in cooking.
What are the problems with corn?
Corn is vulnerable to the following infections by plant pathogens throughout the growing season under favorable environmental conditions: seed rots and seedling blights soon after planting, foliar diseases in mid-season, and stalk and ear rots toward the end of the growing season.
What is origin of maize?
The primary centre of origin of maize is considered by most authorities to be the Central America and Mexico, where many diverse types of maize are found. The discovery of fossil maize pollen with other archaeological evidence in Mexico indicates Mexico to be the native of maize.
Is maize and corn the same thing?
Maize (/meɪz/ MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taino: mahiz), also known as corn (North American and Australian English), is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
What are the benefits of eating corn?
Corn is rich in vitamin C, an antioxidant that helps protect your cells from damage and wards off diseases like cancer and heart disease. Yellow corn is a good source of the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin, which are good for eye health and help prevent the lens damage that leads to cataracts.