Timbuktu, French Tombouctou, city in the western African country of Mali, historically important as a trading post on the trans-Saharan caravan route and as a centre of Islamic culture (c. 1400–1600). It is located on the southern edge of the Sahara, about 8 miles (13 km) north of the Niger River.
What was the first center of trade in West Africa?
In Western Africa the major trade centers were cities such as Timbuktu, Gao, Agadez, Sijilmasas, and Djenne. Along the coast of North Africa sea port cities developed such as Marrakesh, Tunis, and Cairo. The port city of Adulis on the Red Sea was also an important trade center.
What was traded on the Niger river?
Camel caravans from North Africa carried bars of salt as well as cloth, tobacco, and metal tools across the Sahara to trading centers like Djenne and Timbuktu on the Niger River. Some items for which the salt was traded include gold, ivory, slaves, skins, kola nuts, pepper, and sugar.
Which river was the most important for trade in Africa?
As a result, the water is becoming more polluted. The Nile River also continues to be an important trade route, connecting Africa with markets in Europe and beyond. The Nile River flows over 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) until emptying into the Mediterranean Sea.
What dangers might a traveler face in West Africa?
West Africa – Wikitravel. WARNING: Even after the Ebola outbreak has settled down, the region is generally infested with a lot of high risk diseases, like Malaria, HIV, Cholera, Lassa fever, Dengue fever and various other tropical diseases. Take extreme precautions to protect yourself.
How many years did the NOK thrive in West Africa?
The Nok culture (1500 BCE – 200/300 BCE) would develop. and vanished under unknown circumstances around 500 AD, thus having lasted approximately 2,000 years.
Why was gold valuable to West African?
Ghana itself was rich in gold. People wanted gold for its beauty, but they needed salt in their diets to survive. Salt, which could be used to preserve food, also made bland food tasty. These qualities made salt very valuable.
Is salt more valuable than gold?
Recorded history also soundly refutes the myth that salt was more valuable than gold. YouTube historian Lindybeige cites Venetian trade documents from the height of the salt trade in 1590 that establish the value of 1 ton of salt as 33 gold ducats.