What is the name of the huge disease epidemic that is sweeping the continent of Africa?

On March 29, 2016, the WHO lifted the PHEIC status on West Africa’s Ebola situation. The impact this epidemic had on the world, and particularly West Africa, is significant. A total of 28,616 cases of EVD and 11,310 deaths were reported in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.

What caused the Ebola outbreak?

EVD is caused by the Ebola virus. It’s origin or how it started is unknown. Scientists believe that it is animal-borne and most likely comes from bats, which transmit the Ebola virus to other animals and humans. There is no proof that mosquitos or other insects can transmit the virus.

Was Ebola a pandemic or epidemic?

Ebola virus was first identified in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Since then there have been outbreaks in several African countries; the biggest outbreak was in 2014-2016 in three West African countries – Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Is Ebola still around 2021?

On May 3, 2021, after reaching 42 days (two incubation periods) with no new cases after the last survivor tested negative and was released from the Ebola treatment center, the DRC MOH and World Health Organization (WHO) announced the outbreak was over.

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What was the worst pandemic in history?

The H1N1 influenza A pandemic of 1918–1920 (colloquially, but likely inaccurately, known as the Spanish flu) remains the deadliest pandemic of the modern age, with estimates of mortality ranging from 17 million to 100 million from an estimated 500 million infections globally (approximately a third of the global …

Who is most affected by Ebola?

Most people affected by the outbreak were in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. There were also cases reported in Nigeria, Mali, Europe, and the U.S. 28,616 people were suspected or confirmed to be infected; 11,310 people died.

How long did the Ebola pandemic last?

In Guinea, the first end of outbreak declaration was in December 2015, but additional cases were discovered in March and April of 2016. Guinea was finally declared Ebola-free in June 2016. [1] Two and a half years after the first case was discovered, the outbreak ended with more than 28,600 cases and 11,325 deaths.

Did Ebola come from bats?

Viruses depend on a living host for their survival and have natural reservoirs — a hosting animal species in which a virus naturally lives and reproduces without causing disease. Bats are likely a natural reservoir for the Ebola virus, but little is known about how the virus evolves in bats.

Can you survive Ebola?

Recovery from Ebola

Recovery from EVD depends on good supportive care and the patient’s immune response. Investigational treatments are also increasing overall survival. Those who do recover develop antibodies that can last 10 years, possibly longer.

How do humans get Ebola from animals?

The disease infects humans through close contact with infected animals, including chimpanzees, fruit bats, and forest antelope. Ebola virus can be transmitted by direct contact with blood, bodily fluids, or skin of patients with or who died of Ebola virus disease.

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