What are the diseases that affect many people in Central Africa?

What disease in Africa affects the most people?

2.1 Major Infectious Diseases

With malnutrition as a common contributor, the five biggest infectious killers in Africa are acute respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, malaria and tuberculosis, responsible for nearly 80% of the total infectious disease burden and claiming more than 6 million people per year.

What are the common diseases in Africa?

Topic Outline

  • Malaria.
  • Yellow fever.
  • Dengue.
  • African trypanosomiasis.
  • Onchocerciasis.
  • Leishmaniasis.
  • Rickettsioses.
  • Chikungunya fever.

What are the 2 religions of Central Africa?

In the central and southern regions of the country, Roman Catholicism and Islam are the dominant religions.

Is there any poverty in Central Africa?

The Central African Republic (C.A.R.) ranks second to last in the 2018 Human Development Index, with around 79 percent of the country’s 4.7 million population estimated to be living in poverty. Almost 3 million people residing in the C.A.R. require humanitarian assistance.

What animal is the number one killer in Africa?

Ungainly as it is, the hippopotamus is the world’s deadliest large land mammal, killing an estimated 500 people per year in Africa.

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What is the number one cause of death in Africa?

This statistic shows the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019.

Leading 10 causes of death in Africa in 2019 (in deaths per 100,000 population)

Characteristic Deaths per 100,000 population
Ischaemic heart disease 429
Stroke 426
Malaria 388
Tuberculosis 378

Why does Africa have the most diseases?

Population explosion and changing urban landscapes

An unprecedented shift in human population is one reason why more diseases originate in Asia and Africa. Rapid urbanization is happening throughout Asia and the Pacific regions, where 60% of the world already lives.

Why is the life expectancy so low in the Central African Republic?

The Central African Republic has the second lowest life expectancy in the world at 48 years, and the fifth highest death rate from infectious and parasitic disease. In much of CAR mortality rates are the result of seasonal epidemics, economic downturns, as well as conflict, displacement, and a poor health system.

What is the leading cause of death in Japan?

Since 1981, the leading cause of death in Japan has been cancer, which accounted for 27% of total deaths in 2018, followed by heart disease at 15% [3]. The recent longevity of Japanese is due to the low mortality rate of these diseases, which account for nearly half of total deaths.

What is the leading cause of death in Hong Kong?

Leading Cause of all Deaths

Ranking Leading Cause of Death No. of Deaths
1 Malignant neoplasms 8,645
2 Pneumonia 5,026
3 Diseases of heart 3,409
4 Cerebrovascular diseases 1,543
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