The equator cuts the African continent in half. The Sahara Desert engulfs the countries north of the equator, while those further south are tropical. This geography study aid is a good way to learn more about the countries of Africa.
Is the Sahara desert north or south of the equator?
They are found along the Tropic of Cancer, between 15 and 30 degrees north of the Equator, or along the Tropic of Capricorn, between 15 and 30 degrees south of the Equator. Hot, moist air rises into the atmosphere near the Equator. As the air rises, it cools and drops its moisture as heavy tropical rains.
What is the name of the major Africa desert north of the equator?
The Sahara is one of the harshest environments on Earth, covering 3.6 million square miles (9.4 million square kilometers), nearly a third of the African continent, about the size of the United States (including Alaska and Hawaii). The name of the desert comes from the Arabic word ṣaḥrāʾ, which means “desert.”
What is the coldest month in the Sahara Desert?
Months with the lowest average high temperature are January and December (22°C). Months with the highest average low temperature are July and August (23°C). The coldest month (with the lowest average low temperature) is January (12°C).
How long would it take to cross the Sahara desert on foot?
The journey takes up to two weeks and a lack of tourism operations means that you will have to buy a camel and hire a guide yourself in Agadez.
Where did all the sand in the Sahara desert come from?
The sand is primarily derived from weathering of Cretaceous sandstones in North Africa. When these sandstones were deposited in the Cretaceous, the area where they are now was a shallow sea. The original source of the sand was the large mountain ranges that still exist in the central part of the Sahara.
Was there snow in the Sahara desert?
In the Sahara Desert of northwestern Algeria, just outside the town of Ain Sefra, sand dunes were streaked with ice crystals as far as the eye could see. … Snow and ice accumulation in the northern Sahara is unusual, but not unprecedented.