Total production is estimated at 13.3 million tonnes, under normal climatic conditions and taking into account the subsistence farming sector. In contrast, for the 2018-19 crop year, production is expected to be down 13% to 10.9 million tonnes due to drought.
Does South Africa produce corn?
Approximately 8,0 million tons of maize grain are produced in South Africa annually on approximately 3,1 million ha of land. Half of the production consists of white maize, for human food consumption. Maize needs 450 to 600 mm of water per season, which is mainly acquired from the soil moisture reserves.
How much maize does South Africa produce?
In 2019/2020, the production of maize was approximately 15.1 million metric tons.
Production of maize in South Africa from 2000 to 2020 (in 1,000 metric tons)
|Characteristic||Total maize production in thousand metric tons|
How much corn is produced each year?
In 2018/2019, a production level of around 1.09 billion metric tons of corn was achieved. In 2019/20 the United States was by far the biggest corn producer worldwide, with a production volume amounting to over 345 million metric tons. This corresponded to over one third of the global corn production.
How did maize come to South Africa?
Maize first arrived on the African coast during the seventeenth century. It was initially introduced by the Portuguese to supply their trading forts, but the crop was quickly adopted by African farmers due to its high energy yield, its low labor requirements, and its short growing season.
Is maize indigenous to South Africa?
Maize, which was domesticated in central Mexico around 1500 BC, was brought to Africa around AD 1500. Having spread to all corners of the continent within the relatively short period of 500 years, it is now Africa’s most important cereal crop.
Is maize exported?
Production of maize is estimated to be 21,810 thousand tonnes in 2015-16. Exports: The country has exported 28,79,202.93 MT of maize to the world for the worth of Rs. 4,675.78 crores/ 634.85 USD Millions in 2020-21.