The rising population in African cities creates a link to the imbalance between the supply of water and the demands in those cities. Aside urbanization contributing to the imbalance between the demand and supply of water, urbanization also causes an increase in water pollution.
How growing population can cause water scarcity explain?
With so many beings vying for its availability, the resultant stress on freshwater is leading to water scarcity in almost all corners of the world. … This uncontrolled rise in population has inordinately increased the demand for water and mounted pressure on the already finite and scarce resources of the planet.
How does water scarcity affect Africa?
Water scarcity can also lead to diseases such as trachoma (an eye infection that can lead to blindness), plague and typhus. Water scarcity affects 1 in 3 people in the African Region and is getting worse with population growth, urbanization and increases in household and industrial uses.
How many people in Africa are affected by water scarcity?
About 66% of Africa is arid or semi-arid and more than 300 of the 800 million people in sub-Saharan Africa live in a water-scarce environment – meaning that they have less than 1,000 m3 per capita per year. 115 people in Africa die every hour from diseases linked to poor sanitation, poor hygiene and contaminated water.
What are the causes and effects of water scarcity?
Water shortages may be caused by climate change, such as altered weather patterns including droughts or floods, increased pollution, and increased human demand and overuse of water. A water crisis is a situation where the available potable, unpolluted water within a region is less than that region’s demand.
Is there water scarcity in Africa?
Introduction. Sub-Saharan Africa suffers from chronically overburdened water systems under increasing stress from fast-growing urban areas. Weak governments, corruption, mismanagement of resources, poor long-term investment, and a lack of environmental research and urban infrastructure only exacerbate the problem.