2. The Middle East and North Africa is the world’s most water-scarce region. This region is home to 15 out of the 20 of the world’s most water-scarce countries. Due to population growth, unsustainable water management, rapid economic growth, and ongoing conflicts, water scarcity in the region is likely to worsen.
Where is North Africa’s water scarcity?
Water is scarce in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. As Allan (2002) noted, the region basically “ran out of water in the 70s” and today depends as much on water from outside the region — in the form of its food imports, for example — as on its own renewable water resources.
How does water scarcity define the climate of North Africa?
Water scarcity defines the subregions variations in climate. The North African landscape is most commonly associated with vast stretches of sand and the occasional watering hole. … The harsh desert climate makes vegetation growth sparse.