Investing in cities is central to securing the next stage of Africa’s development says a new World Bank report, “Harnessing Urbanization to End Poverty and Boost Prosperity in Africa.” Cities are engines of economic growth, already accounting for more than two-thirds of the economic output in most developed countries …
How can urbanization reduce poverty?
We find that the urbanization process stimulates the transition from farm to non-farm activities in rural areas. More specifically, urbanization tends to reduce farm income and increase wages and non-farm income in rural households.
How will urbanization in West Africa help the economy?
Urbanization is a key feature of the structural transformation that drives economic growth in low- income economies. As countries urbanize, workers move from rural to urban areas in search of more productive and better-paid jobs. … City growth both contributes to and benefits from national economic growth.
Why is urbanization in Africa bad?
Recent African urbanization analyses have confirmed the problems of limited job creation, inadequate structural transformation, and poor livability seen in many sub-Saharan African cities today.
Is urbanization is important to reduce poverty?
Cali and Menon (2013) found that urbanisation has a significant poverty-reducing effect on the surrounding rural areas. An increase in the district’s urban population of 200,000 is associated with a reduction in rural poverty in the same district between 1.3 and 2.6 percentage points.
Why is urbanization bad?
Some of the major health problems resulting from urbanization include poor nutrition, pollution-related health conditions and communicable diseases, poor sanitation and housing conditions, and related health conditions.
How does urbanization in West Africa improve education?
Urbanization improves access to basic education for all. Expanding education systems in urban areas is easier and costs less than in rural areas. Thus Africa’s rapid urbanization is expected to increase enrollment, especially at primary level. … This rate is 55.2% for areas with an urbanization rate between 50% and 90%.
What are the benefits of urbanization in Africa?
Urbanization is often linked to economic prosperity. It, oftentimes, creates opportunities for economic development and the chance of survival for the poor. However, the growth in African cities is binary; the African continent is like a coin on its side which can either result in a head or a tail flip.
How many jobs will Urbanization create in West Africa?
The report projects that Africa’s working age population should grow by 450 million people but that the continent’s economies, without significant policy reform, will likely produce only 100 million new jobs.