Over the last two decades West Africa has become a focus for mineral exploration and exploitation with world-class resources of gold, iron ore, diamonds, bauxite, phosphate, uranium and other commodities.
What were the two main mineral resources in West Africa?
Africa’s two most profitable mineral resources are gold and diamonds. In 2008, Africa produced about 483 tons of gold, or 22 percent of the world’s total production.
What mineral was mined in West Africa?
Minerals produced in West Africa include bauxite, coal, copper, diamonds, gemstones, gold, ilmenite, iron ore, lead, manganese, nickel, phosphate rock, rutile, silver, columbite-tantalite, tin, uranium, zinc and zircon. A large number of companies and artisanal miners are involved in the region’s mining sector.
Is West Africa rich in resources?
West Africa is known for its richness in Mineral Resources with Nigeria being one of the richest in terms of these resources. … The map on the right shows a display of the Mineral Resources data showing available resources in Nigeria, Mali, Ghana, Guinea and Niger, which is sourced from a Web – based application.
Which African country is richest in mineral resources?
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
Every mobile phone contains coltan, and the DRC is the world’s largest producer. It is one of the giants producer of diamonds and copper in Africa, with respectively 34 and 13% of the total production of the continent. Finally, its mineral deposits are estimated at $ 24 trillion.
What are the 10 most valuable natural resources found in Africa?
Africa has a large quantity of natural resources, including diamonds, sugar, salt, gold, iron, cobalt, uranium, copper, bauxite, silver, petroleum, and cocoa beans, but also tropical timber and tropical fruit.
Why is desertification an issue in West Africa?
Desertification is a serious problem in the continent. It has been estimated that 319 million hectares of Africa are vulnerable to desertification hazards due to sand movement. … Soil degradation caused by deforestation is also a serious threat in Africa.